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“无可替代的当事者”

中日公益伙伴(CSnet) 简讯           

2011年11月(第11期)

http://csnet.asia/?lang=zh-hans                  

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★卷首语:“无可替代的当事者”

★中日公益伙伴机构动态汇报和本月推荐文章

★屋久岛项目专栏:“森林,狼与人”

★本月特别关注:“快乐的非电气化生活”

★感谢本月志愿者

============================================

[卷首语] “无可替代的当事者”

    还有三个星期,我就会迎接40岁的生日。这是个有魔力的数字,令你开始努力追求健康和美容,

意识到能拥有值得自己爱的人有多么可贵和不易,并真心实意开始考虑要为这个世界做点儿什么好事

情。孔子老师曾经用“不惑”二字定义这个数字,我虽然境界不够,但也有种认同感。

    不到那个年龄,你永远不会了解那个年龄的情绪和感受。长我9岁的老公说,当你到50岁的时候,

你想到的已经不是“我该怎么活着”,而是“我该怎样去准备象样地走向人生终点”。

    同样,不是当事者,无论如何你都不可能完全想象和理解当事者的心情。我们无法代替别人感受

疼痛和喜悦。虽然社会学大师韦伯主张通过“追踪体验”来理解行为者的意图和动机,但是不能否认

我们无法与他人合一。当事者无可替代。当我们看到那些无辜却不幸的人们,我们会觉得心痛,会感

到同情,共鸣,会去扶助。但是不能忘记,对于当事者来说,我们的善意和帮助往往没有我们自己想

象的那么有效和有价值。

    在日本东北灾区考察的时候,我感受最深的就是这一点。那些住在过渡住宅的受灾者,大多数都

是老人,不仅失去了房子和一切财产,还有生计,很多人都被海啸夺走了亲人。NGO的志愿者为他们提

供足浴,给他们按摩肩膀时,他们会不停地致谢,微笑着,从简易的厨房里拿出些海味或者腌菜来分给

志愿者吃。那景象告诉我,这些老人是在作为“有尊严的主人”招待志愿者们,这些志愿者们是在作客。

    RQ市民灾害救援中心的广濑敏通救灾部长一直对他们的志愿者强调,“我们不是去帮助受灾者的,

而是去请受灾者们接受我们,允许我们做些事的。”RQ志愿者在灾区坚持到了11月底,已经有3万7000

多人参与。这之后,RQ将转型成扎根当地社区的自然学校,一直贴近当地的受灾者,不是与他们面对面,

而是与他们并肩站在一起。

    RQ的姿态让我明白,当事者虽然无可替代,却可以贴近。帮助别人并没有什么可以骄傲,我们能为

别人做的事情其实极其有限,我们的善意只有在当事者给我们机会的情况下才能实现。因为当事者无可

替代,所以才有价值。NGO的工作,是靠在这个价值上的。应该感谢的,是当事者,而不是NGO。各位觉

得呢?



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